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Carl Halbirt, M.A.

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Description of Research

Carl Halbirt

Carl Halbirt

City Archaeologist, St. Augustine, Florida

EDUCATION

  • M.P.A. (Public Administration) University of North Florida, Jacksonville (2004)
  • M. A. (Anthropology) University of Northern Arizona, Flagstaff (1985)
  • B. A. (Anthropology) University of Arizona, Tucson 1974

AWARDS

  • Florida Trust for Historic Preservation (Honorable Mention in the preservation  exhibit/media category): Preserving the Past for the Future. 
    Jillian Prescott Memorial Lectureship (2010): Presented at the Florida Historical Society Annual Meeting.
  • Ripley P. Bullen Award (2008): “for Furthering Cooperation Among Professional and Avocational Archaeologists.”
  • Outstanding In-Service Graduate Student MPA Program. (2004) University of North Florida, Jacksonville.
  • Award of Excellence (2003): "for outstanding work as president of the St. Augustine Historical Society, 2001 and 2002."
  • City of St. Augustine Employee of the Year (2001): "for service to the people of St. Augustine through his untiring dedication to the exploration and preservation of the City's past."

GRANTS

  • City of St. Augustine Archaeology Program Website (2009): Presents the procedures used and discoveries made by the City’s archaeology program.
  • Every artifact tells a story: An exhibit of artifacts in City's Visitor Information Center 2000
  • Windows Through Time: A Guide to the City of St. Augustine's Archeology Program: A portable display illustrating aspects of the City's archaeology program and its relevance to the community 1993
  • St. Augustine Archaeological Inventory: An inventory of archaeological projects that has occurred in St. Augustine 1992

EXHIBITS
Preserving the Past for the Future:  Exhibit of artifacts and production of a power-point DVD in conjunction with the 450th Anniversary of the founding of St. Augustine, Visitors Information Center, June 2012 to December 0213 (with MisCha Johns and Russell DePratter).

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (since 1974)

City Archaeologist: City of St. Augustine

Primary duties: To direct the City's Archaeology Program as specified in the City’s Archaeological Preservation Ordinance by conducting archaeological investigations at properties slated for development; to analyze, curate, and conserve all artifacts collected; to prepare reports describing results of project investigations;  to implement, train, and maintain a volunteer program to assist the City in archaeological data recovery and analysis; to provide support to City staff in matters concerning historic preservation and cultural resources management issues; to prepare annual budgets and mission statements;  to inform the community of the City's Archaeology Program through lectures to civic organizations, brochures, and  articles in local newsletters; to prepare grant applications that seek to support the research efforts or inform the community of the City's Archaeology Program; to present results of City investigations at professional conferences and journals; also developed a comparative modern collection of faunal remains to assist in the recognition of archaeofaunal assemblages.  April 1990 to present.

Archaeologist

Project Director or supervisor for CRM firms in the southwestern United States.  Investigated sites associated with Hohokam, Mogollon, and Payatan culture areas.  Employed at Northland Research, Inc., Flagstaff, Arizona (2/87-4/90); Arizona State Museum, University of Arizona, Tucson (10/85-8/87); Museum on Northern Arizona, Flagstaff (5/79-10/85).

Research Assistant

Department of Biosciences, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff: Responsible for processing and analyzing archaeological and lacustrine pollen samples from grant supported archaeological projects, 1978-1979.
Archaeologist: Crew member on grant supported survey and excavation projects in the southwest United States (Mimbres Mogollon Project 1975-1978; Cedar Mesa Anasazi Project 1974).

PUBLICATIONS (Selection of published articles relevant to St. Augustine)

2011 Aviles Street: St. Augustine’s Oldest Documented Road. St. Augustine  Archaeological Association Newsletter 24(4):1-5.

2004: La Ciudad de San Agustín: An eighteenth-Century European Fighting Presidio. Historical Archaeology 39(3):33-48.

2004: Lessons from the Monson. St. Augustine Archaeological Association Newsletter 19 (3):1-6.

2002: The Apocalypse of 1702: Archaeological Evidence of Moore's Siege. El Escribano 39:29-44.

2002: The Smith Siblings: "In Death They Were Not Divided. St. Augustine Archaeological Association Newsletter 17(4):1-5.

1999: Archaeology of the Santo Domingo Redoubt. St. Augustine Archaeological Association Newsletter 14(4):1-6.

1999: "...A Great Farmer and Gardener": Archaeological Evidence of Governor James Grant's Farm, St. Augustine, East Florida. The Florida Anthropologist 52(1-2):57-71.

1997: Of Earth, Tabby, Brick, and Asphalt: The Archaeology of St. Augustine's Historic St. George Street. El Escribano 34:70-97.

1993: The City of St. Augustine's Archaeology Program. The Florida Anthropologist, 46(2):101-104.

1993: The Archeology of the Cubo Line: St. Augustine's First Line of Defense. The Florida Anthropologist 46(2):105-127.

1993: Identifying and Locating the Hornabeque Line: An Eighteenth-Century Spanish Fortification in St. Augustine. The Florida Anthropologist 46(2):128-136.

1993: The Stratigraphy of the Mose Line: St. Augustine's Last Line of Defense. The Florida Anthropologist 46(2):137-144 (with Bruce J. Paitek).

CONFERENCES (Selection of papers relevant to St. Augustine)

2014: Seeking Asylum in 18th Century St. Augustine:  The Final chapter of the Franciscan Mission System in La Florida.  Paper presented at the Franciscan Florida in Pan-Borderlands Perspective Conference, Flagler College, St. Augustine, Florida.

2014: Developing and Maintaining Community Interest in Archaeology: The Role of Municipal Government and Public Archaeology Outreach in St. Augustine, Florida.  Paper presented at the 47th Conference on Historical and Underwater Archaeology Quebec, Canada (with Sarah Miller and MisCha Johns).

2012: Twenty-five Years of Discovery: The City of St. Augustine’s Archaeological  Preservation Ordinance. Paper presented at the 64th Annual Meeting of the Florida  Anthropological Society, Tallahassee, Florida (with Mischa C. Johns).

2012: In the Shadow of Castillo de San Marcos. Poster presented at the 64th Annual  Meeting of the Florida Anthropological Society, Tallahassee, Florida (with Mischa  C. Johns).

2011: Transportation-Related Features in St. Augustine: An Archaeological Perspective.   Paper presented at the 68th Annual Meeting of the Southeastern  Archaeological  Conference, Jacksonville, Fl (with Greg Hendryx).

2011: Beyond the Town Walls: Identifying an 18th Century Canary Islander Site in St. Augustine.  Paper presented at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Florida Anthropological Society, Orlando, Florida (with Sarah M. Bennett)

2010: Mad Dogs and Headless Chickens: Curiosities from St. Augustine’s Storied Past. Paper presented at the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Amelia Island, Florida.

2010: Refugees to Bootleggers and Everything In Between: A Microcosm of Urban Archaeology in Downtown St. Augustine. Poster presented at the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Amelia Island, Florida (with Melissa H. Dezendorf)

2009: Beyond the Fountain of Youth: St. Augustine, Florida, prior to European Colonization. Paper presented at the 74th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Atlanta, GA, April 22-26, 2009 (with Kathleen Deagan).

2008: Skittering Gators, a Hacked-up Donkey, and More Uncommon Discoveries from St. Augustine’s Past. Paper presented at Unearthing First America, La Florida by Land and Sea Conference, Flagler College, St. Augustine, FL.

2008: “…skillfully disarticulated at the joints”: A Seventeenth Century Donkey Burial, St. Augustine, Florida. Paper presented at the 60th Annual Conference of the Florida Anthropological Society, Ybor City, Florida.

2007: Timucuan Architecture and Village Layout in St. Augustine at the Time of the Menendez Encampment. Paper presented at the 59th Annual Conference of the Florida Anthropology Society, Avon Park, Florida (with Antoinette B. Wallace, Nick McAuliffe, and Michael B. Tarleton).

2006: The City of St. Augustine's Archaeology Program: Managing Cultural Resources in the Nation's Oldest City. Poster presented at the Society for American Archaeology 71st Annual Meeting, San Juan, Puerto Rico (with Antoinette B. Wallace).

2005: "...where the sea breezes constantly blow... an ideal place for a home": The 18th Century Mission Community of Nuestra Señora del Rosario de la Punta. Paper presented at the 2005 SEAC conference, Columbia, South Carolina.

2005: "Hernández Orange Grove": A 19th Century Agricultural Enterprise is St. Augustine, Florida. Paper presented at the 57th Annual Conference of the Florida Anthropological Society, Gainesville (with Melissa N. Hagen).

2005: Archaeological Investigations of a Multi-component Spanish Mission/British Hospital Site in St. Augustine, Florida. Paper presented at the 57th Annual Conference of the Florida Anthropological Society, Gainesville (with Ray McGee, Antoinette B. Wallace, Mike Tarleton, and Nick McAuliffe).

2004: A Unique 19th Century Trash Deposit from the Sanchez-Poujaud Site, St. Augustine, Florida. Paper presented at the 56th Annual Conference of the Florida Anthropological Society, Fort Lauderdale (with Antoinette B. Wallace).

2003: New Evidence for St. Augustine's 16th Century Cultural Landscape. Paper presented at the 55th Annual Conference of the Florida Anthropological Society, Tallahassee, Florida.

2002: Conflagration and Exchange: The Impact of the Carolina Colony on the Development of the 18th century Presidio de San Agustin. Paper presented at the 28th Annual Conference of the Archaeological Society of South Carolina, Columbia.

2002: Presidio de San Agustin: The Center of Spanish Power in La Florida during the 18th century. Paper presented at the SHA 35th Conference for Historical and Underwater Archaeology, Mobile, Alabama.

2002: The City of St. Augustine Archaeology Program: Urban Archaeology in the Nation's Oldest City. Poster presented at the SHA 35th conference for historical and underwater archaeology, Mobile, Alabama (with Andrea P. White).

2001: Prelude to Stabilization and Reconstruction: Recent Archaeological Investigations of St. Augustine's Colonial Defenses. Paper presented at the 53rd Annual Conference of the Florida Anthropological Society, St. Augustine, Florida.

1997: Post Holes, Ditches, and Slipware: The Archaeological Evidence of Governor Grant's Agricultural Enterprise in St. Augustine, Florida. Paper presented at the Plantation Symposium, University of Central Florida, Daytona.

1996: Plaza de la Constiticin: The Archaeology of One of St. Augustine's Oldest Landmarks. Prepared for the Plaza Rededication Ceremony

1995: Indian Ditches and British Refuse: Recycling Archaeological Features. Paper presented at the 47th Annual Meeting of the Florida Anthropological Society, Sebring, Florida (with Clara A. Gualtieri)

1993: The First Five Years: The City of St. Augustine's Archaeology Program, 1987-1992. Paper presented at the 45th Annual Conference of the Florida Anthropological Society, Clearwater, Florida.

PRESENTATIONS (selection of power points and programs)
2014: St. Augustine’s Unseen Heritage: The Archaeology of Early Colonial Life in America’s Oldest European Community.  Prepared for the Florida Humanities Series at the Emerson Center, Vero Beach, Florida (April).

2013: Preserving St. Augustine’s Unique Archaeological Heritage.  Workshop on Municipal Archaeology, Florida Historic Trust Meeting, St. Augustine, Florida, with MisCha Johns, (May)

2012: The Legacy of El Dragón: 1586 Raid of Francis Drake. Prepared for the opening of the Art y Facts of Drake’s Raid exhibit at the St. Augustine Art Association, Florida, with MisCha Johns (May).

2012: “Find Anything Interesting:” 25 Years as Stewards of History.  Prepared for the 450th First America Series, St. Augustine, Florida (January)

PROFESSIONAL/LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS

St. Augustine Historical Society (President 2001 & 2002 and research associate 1998 to present)

Historic St. Augustine Research Foundation (associate)

Register of Professional Archaeologists (1990 to present)

Society of Historical Archaeology

Florida Anthropological Society