Skip Navigation
 

Carl Halbirt, M.A.

HSARI Logo

Description of Research

Carl Halbirt

Carl Halbirt

City Archaeologist, St. Augustine, Florida

EDUCATION

  • M.P.A. (Public Administration) University of North Florida, Jacksonville (2004)
  • M. A. (Anthropology) University of Northern Arizona, Flagstaff (1985)
  • B. A. (Anthropology) University of Arizona, Tucson 1974

AWARDS

  • Jillian Prescott Memorial Lectureship (2010): Presented at the Florida Historical Society Annual Meeting.
  • Ripley P. Bullen Award (2008): “for Furthering Cooperation Among Professional and Avocational Archaeologists.”
  • Outstanding In-Service Graduate Student MPA Program. (2004) University of North Florida, Jacksonville.
  • Award of Excellence (2003): "for outstanding work as president of the St. Augustine Historical Society, 2001 and 2002."
  • City of St. Augustine Employee of the Year (2001): "for service to the people of St. Augustine through his untiring dedication to the exploration and preservation of the City's past."

GRANTS

  • City of St. Augustine Archaeology Program Website (2009): Presents the procedures used and discoveries made by the City’s archaeology program.
  • Every artifact tells a story: An exhibit of artifacts in City's Visitor Information Center 2000
  • Windows Through Time: A Guide to the City of St. Augustine's Archeology Program: A portable display illustrating aspects of the City's archaeology program and its relevance to the community 1993
  • St. Augustine Archaeological Inventory: An inventory of archaeological projects that has occurred in St. Augustine 1992

PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (since 1974)

City Archaeologist: City of St. Augustine

Primary duties: To direct the City's Archaeology Program as specified in the City's Archaeological Preservation Ordinance by conducting archaeological investigations at properties slated for development; to analyze, curate, and conserve all artifacts collected; to prepare reports describing results of project investigations; to implement, train, and maintain a volunteer program to assist the City in archaeological data recovery and analysis; to provide support to City staff in matters concerning historic preservation and cultural resources management issues; to prepare annual budgets and mission statements; to inform the community of the City's Archaeology Program through lectures to civic organizations, brochures, and articles in local newsletters; to prepare grant applications that seek to support the research efforts or inform the community of the City's Archaeology Program; to present results of City investigations at professional conferences and journals; also developed a comparative modern collection of faunal remains to assist in the recognition of archaeofaunal assemblages and implemented an Occasional Series of archaeological monographs.

April 1990 to present

Contract Archaeologist

Supervisor on various CRM projects throughout the southwestern United States. 5/79 to 4/90

Archaeologist

Crew member on grant supported survey and excavation research projects in the southwest United States, with a specialty in palynological and ground stone studies. 5/74 to 5/79

PUBLICATIONS (Selection of published articles relevant to St. Augustine)

2004: La Ciudad de San Agustín: An eighteenth-Century European Fighting Presidio. Historical Archaeology 39(3):33-48.

2004: Lessons from the Monson. St. Augustine Archaeological Association Newsletter 19 (3):1-6.

2002: The Apocalypse of 1702: Archaeological Evidence of Moore's Siege. El Escribano 39:29-44.

2002: The Smith Siblings: "In Death They Were Not Divided. St. Augustine Archaeological Association Newsletter 17(4):1-5.

1999: Archaeology of the Santo Domingo Redoubt. St. Augustine Archaeological Association Newsletter 14(4):1-6.

1999: "...A Great Farmer and Gardener": Archaeological Evidence of Governor James Grant's Farm, St. Augustine, East Florida. The Florida Anthropologist 52(1-2):57-71.

1997: Of Earth, Tabby, Brick, and Asphalt: The Archaeology of St. Augustine's Historic St. George Street. El Escribano 34:70-97.

1993: The City of St. Augustine's Archaeology Program. The Florida Anthropologist, 46(2):101-104.

1993: The Archeology of the Cubo Line: St. Augustine's First Line of Defense. The Florida Anthropologist 46(2):105-127.

1993: Identifying and Locating the Hornabeque Line: An Eighteenth-Century Spanish Fortification in St. Augustine. The Florida Anthropologist 46(2):128-136.

1993: The Stratigraphy of the Mose Line: St. Augustine's Last Line of Defense. The Florida Anthropologist 46(2):137-144 (with Bruce J. Paitek).

CONFERENCES (Selection of papers relevant to St. Augustine)

2010: Mad Dogs and Headless Chickens: Curiosities from St. Augustine’s Storied Past. Paper presented at the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Amelia Island, Florida.

2010: Refugees to Bootleggers and Everything In Between: A Microcosm of Urban Archaeology in Downtown St. Augustine. Poster presented at the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology, Amelia Island, Florida (with Melissa H. Dezendorf)

2009: Beyond the Fountain of Youth: St. Augustine, Florida, prior to European Colonization. Paper presented at the 74th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Atlanta, GA, April 22-26, 2009 (with Kathleen Deagan).

2008: Skittering Gators, a Hacked-up Donkey, and More Uncommon Discoveries from St. Augustine’s Past. Paper presented at Unearthing First America, La Florida by Land and Sea Conference, Flagler College, St. Augustine, FL.

2008: “…skillfully disarticulated at the joints”: A Seventeenth Century Donkey Burial, St. Augustine, Florida. Paper presented at the 60th Annual Conference of the Florida Anthropological Society, Ybor City, Florida.

2007: Timucuan Architecture and Village Layout in St. Augustine at the Time of the Menendez Encampment. Paper presented at the 59th Annual Conference of the Florida Anthropology Society, Avon Park, Florida (with Antoinette B. Wallace, Nick McAuliffe, and Michael B. Tarleton).

2006: The City of St. Augustine's Archaeology Program: Managing Cultural Resources in the Nation's Oldest City. Poster presented at the Society for American Archaeology 71st Annual Meeting, San Juan, Puerto Rico (with Antoinette B. Wallace).

2005: "...where the sea breezes constantly blow... an ideal place for a home": The 18th Century Mission Community of Nuestra Señora del Rosario de la Punta. Paper presented at the 2005 SEAC conference, Columbia, South Carolina.

2005: "Hernández Orange Grove": A 19th Century Agricultural Enterprise is St. Augustine, Florida. Paper presented at the 57th Annual Conference of the Florida Anthropological Society, Gainesville (with Melissa N. Hagen).

2005: Archaeological Investigations of a Multi-component Spanish Mission/British Hospital Site in St. Augustine, Florida. Paper presented at the 57th Annual Conference of the Florida Anthropological Society, Gainesville (with Ray McGee, Antoinette B. Wallace, Mike Tarleton, and Nick McAuliffe).

2004: A Unique 19th Century Trash Deposit from the Sanchez-Poujaud Site, St. Augustine, Florida. Paper presented at the 56th Annual Conference of the Florida Anthropological Society, Fort Lauderdale (with Antoinette B. Wallace).

2003: New Evidence for St. Augustine's 16th Century Cultural Landscape. Paper presented at the 55th Annual Conference of the Florida Anthropological Society, Tallahassee, Florida.

2002: Conflagration and Exchange: The Impact of the Carolina Colony on the Development of the 18th century Presidio de San Agustin. Paper presented at the 28th Annual Conference of the Archaeological Society of South Carolina, Columbia.

2002: Presidio de San Agustin: The Center of Spanish Power in La Florida during the 18th century. Paper presented at the SHA 35th Conference for Historical and Underwater Archaeology, Mobile, Alabama.

2002: The City of St. Augustine Archaeology Program: Urban Archaeology in the Nation's Oldest City. Poster presented at the SHA 35th conference for historical and underwater archaeology, Mobile, Alabama (with Andrea P. White).

2001: Prelude to Stabilization and Reconstruction: Recent Archaeological Investigations of St. Augustine's Colonial Defenses. Paper presented at the 53rd Annual Conference of the Florida Anthropological Society, St. Augustine, Florida.

1997: Post Holes, Ditches, and Slipware: The Archaeological Evidence of Governor Grant's Agricultural Enterprise in St. Augustine, Florida. Paper presented at the Plantation Symposium, University of Central Florida, Daytona.

1996: Plaza de la Constiticin: The Archaeology of One of St. Augustine's Oldest Landmarks. Prepared for the Plaza Rededication Ceremony

1995: Indian Ditches and British Refuse: Recycling Archaeological Features. Paper presented at the 47th Annual Meeting of the Florida Anthropological Society, Sebring, Florida (with Clara A. Gualtieri)

1993: The First Five Years: The City of St. Augustine's Archaeology Program, 1987-1992. Paper presented at the 45th Annual Conference of the Florida Anthropological Society, Clearwater, Florida.

PROFESSIONAL/LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS

  • St. Augustine Historical Society (President 2001 & 2002, Vice President 2000, Board Member 1997-2002, and research associate 1998 to present)
  • St. Augustine Research Foundation (research associate)
  • St. Augustine Archaeological Association (board member 1992-1995)
  • Register of Professional Archaeologists
  • Society of Historical Archaeology
  • Southeastern Archaeological Conference
  • Florida Anthropological Society
  • Florida Archaeological Council