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Grafting onto the Native Landscape: The Franciscan Mission System in Northeastern Florida

In 1587 founding Franciscan missions were emplaced in two Mocama Indian villages along the Atlantic seaboard of La Florida. Flanking these Spanish missions (doctrinas) were many Mocama villages situated on barrier islands and along the mainland coast. Within the Spanish colonial system, each outlying native settlement (visita) was linked to a nearby doctrina and placed under the ministering jurisdiction of the mission’s resident friar. With an emphasis on the docrina of San Juan del Puerto and its 9 vistas, this paper explores the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century mission landscape of northeastern Florida.

Keith Ashley, University of North Florida